Suicide is among the top ten causes of death in the United States and in the world. Up to 40% of those committing suicide meet clinical criteria for a personality disorder at the time of their death.
An even higher percentage of those attempting suicide have a personality disorder. The personality disorder most associated with both completed and attempted suicide is BPD.
BPD is the only DSM-IV diagnosis for which parasuicide (i.e., suicide attempts and/or other intentional, non-fatal, self- injurious behaviors) is a criterion and parasuicide is thus considered a “hallmark” of BPD.
Rates of parasuicide among patients diagnosed with BPD range from 69 to 80%.5 6 7
Rates of suicide among all individuals meeting criteria for BPD (including those with no parasuicide) is 5 to 10% and double that when only those with a history of parasuicide are included.